Showing posts with label agriculture. Show all posts
Showing posts with label agriculture. Show all posts

Wednesday, September 5, 2012

Processing and Marketing Duck Products and By-Products

There are high demand for duck eggs and meat. Ducks egg can be sold fresh, salted and boiled as balut and penoy. Dressed ducks are also fried like chicken.

Balut Making
  Balut is mostly processed in incubators. Electric incubators are used to incubate the eggs of ducks. After three days of incubation, the eggs are examined to check whether the eggs are fertile or not. Unfertile eggs are separated and made into penoy. The eggs mostly incubated for thirteenth days to get the desired embryo. These eggs are boiled and sold as balut.

Salted Eggs
  Eggs can be salted by the following steps correctly.

   Ingredients:
   12 ducks eggs
    3 cups water 3 cups salt
Procedures:
  1. Clean the eggs and place them in a wide jar.
  2. Mix the salt and water and boil. Pour the cooked mixture in the jar with the eggs. See to it that all the eggs are immersed in the solution. The eggs usually stay afloat. Weigh them down by using plastic bag of water. Cover the jar with clean cloth and set it aside for fourteen days.
  3. Remove the eggs from the jar after fourteen days and drain well.
  4. Boil the eggs well.
  5. Cool the eggs.
  6. Salted eggs are colored red to distinguish them from penoy and to make them attractive. The eggs are now ready to sell or ready for eating.
Tokneneng
Source: TLE IV Book

Management Practices in Raising Ducks

Housing the Ducks
     Ducks do not require expensive housing like chickens. Bamboo and nipa are the cheapest materials used in constructing their houses. Enclose the three sides of the house and allow one side as the door. The house should be well ventilated, dry and well-lighted to stimulate proper growth and egg production. The house should be provided with artificial pond measuring 10 by 8 feet and two feet deep to allow the immersion of duck heads. The ducks eye get scaly and crusty when water supply is limited. In addition, ducks clean and wash their bills periodically.
     House the growing ducks according to their age to avoid quarrels. Younger ducks are pushed by older ducks into the feeding trough. Ducks are mostly raised by range method where the ducklings are allowed to stay out door at day time.

Selection of stocks

   There are factors to consider when selecting or purchasing stocks. Ducks must be healthy. They must be free from pest and diseases and free from injury. Be sure to buy stocks from reliable dealers.

Monday, September 3, 2012

Duck Raising; Starting the Project

Duck raising is becoming popular nowadays. Ducks require less attention and need no elaborate housing like chicken do. Other reason include the following;
  1. They are more hardy, easily brooded and resistant to common avian diseases.
  2. Ducks lay eggs even up to the third year of production but the highest peak is the first and second year.
  3. There is a growing preference for ducks eggs as balut and salted eggs.
  4. Duck's meat is gaining popularity and public acceptance.
  5. Ducks have natural tendency of foraging.
There are several factors to consider when starting the project.
  1. Location of the project. A place with a watershed is highly recommended. In the absence of watershed, artificial pool should be constructed. select a place near natural ponds like lakes, rivers, or streams.
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