Showing posts with label fiber crops. Show all posts
Showing posts with label fiber crops. Show all posts

Sunday, November 13, 2011

Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, and Marketing of Fiber Crops


 Abaca. The first harvest of abaca starts 18 to 20 months after initial planting. When the flower begin to appear the stalks are ready for harvesting. Mature abaca consist of of a group or cluster of 12 to 30 or more stalks. Cutting is done 6 to 8cm from the root crown.
The stalks undergo the following processes in extracting the abaca fibers.
1. Piling. the harvested stalks are piled in a convenient place where they can be immediately splitted into tuxies.
2. Striping. this can be done either by hand or by machine.
3. Drying. Fibers can either be sun-dried or air-dried in a shaded area free from other foreign particles.
4. Grading and storing. The fiber are grouped and tied according to their  class and stored in a safe place or processed into rope or any finished product.

Saturday, November 12, 2011

Cultural Practices in Fiber Crop Production


Land Preparation. Fiber crops require thorough land preparation before planting. Except the abaca which can be planted after one tillage operation, other fiber crops require at least two rounds of plowing and harrowing.

Preparation of planting materials, planting, and transplanting
Abaca. is propagated by seed pieces or root stock. The seed pieces should be dipped in Chlordane or Furadan solution before planting to ensure healthy growth.
Cotton. is propagated by means of seeds. Before sowing, the seed should be treated with a combination of Orthane and allyl alcohol following the recommended dosage.
Pineapple. The planting materials for pineapple usually consist of crowns, slips, and suckers. Suckers are the most commonly used by local farmers because these bear fruit earlier as compared to plants grown from crowns and slips.
Ramie. can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, and root stock. For practical purposes however, propagating thru the root-stock is preferred to ensure a mortality rate which is less  than 5 percent.
Jute. is propagated by seeds which are either broadcast or drilled on thoroughly prepared soil during a clear and sunny day during the months of May or June.

Wednesday, November 9, 2011

Types and varieties of Fiber Crops


Abaca. This plant is a native fiber crop of the Philippines. The varieties of abaca existing today are descriptive of the size and color of the stalks, quality of the leaf sheaths, type of fruit, and quality of fiber produced.
The most important varieties of abaca that grown and name according to region they were produced,

  1. Bicol region: Tinawagan, Lausigon, Sagurud, and Hybrid Lausmag 24, Itolus 45, and Itolus 39.
  2. The Visayan: Linawagan, Minennogra, Inosa, and Hybrid Lipino, Linlib, and Linlay.
  3. The Mindanao: Tangongon, Bongolanon, and Maguindanao
Cotton. This is an herh usually attaining a height of three to five feet. It is locally known as bulak. Its fiber is used in the manufacture of thread, twine, cloth, knitted cotton, pillows, and mattresses.

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

The Prospects and Importance of Fiber Crop Production

NEXT LESSON

Abaca, cotton, ramie, maguey, and pineapple are among the many crops that can supply fiber for domestic and international markets. Others sources of fiber are silkworm, other trees, and animals. However, local textile millers are still importing tons of these raw materials due to very low production in the country. This is due to the fact that this fiber products are not very salable if not produced in commercial volume. Thus, small farmers prefer to raise food crops instead of fiber crops.

Fiber crop production bright prospects to offer;
  1. Fiber has a variety of uses.
  2. Local textile manufacturers have been importing raw materials due to very low fiber production.
  3. There is an increasing demand for fiber crop products.
  4. We have available technologies for fiber crop production and processing.
  5. Types and varieties of fiber crops which are adaptable to Philippines climatic conditions are readily available.
  6. The government is now very supportive in developing our fiber industry.
  7. Modern machinery for processing fibers are now available in the country.
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