Showing posts with label oil crop. Show all posts
Showing posts with label oil crop. Show all posts

Saturday, September 8, 2012

Cultural Practices in Oil Crop Production


Factors that are observed in raising these crops;

  1. Market. It is futile to raise any crop if there is no market for such a product. This statement is true in oil crop production.
  2. Transportation facility. Proximity to good roads and better transportation facilities greatly affect the production and marketing of farm products. Good transportation facility can cause reduction of the production cost and an increase of the market profit.
  3. Climate and Altitude. Adaptation has been proven in oil crop production. However, it is wise to select varieties of oil crops that will yield more under the prevailing conditions of the geographical region. 
  4. Topography or contour of the land. Level land with good drainage is suitable for oil crop production. Gently sloping land, however, is preferable to provide good drainage especially during the rainy season.
  5. Water supply. All kinds of commercial oil crops need abundant supply of water especially during dry season. During the growth and development stage, these plants needs higher soil moisture thus adequate water supply is very important.

Friday, September 9, 2011

Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, and Marketing Oil Crop


Sunflower. Sunflower matures within 90 to 95 days. The heads are ready for harvest when the neck of flower disk turns from green to yellowish brown. to harvest, cut the stalk below the head using a scythe or lingkaw. Spread the harvest heads in a single layer on dry ground with their faces turn skyward. The heads are sufficiently dried when the seeds can be easily shattered.

Sesame. The crop can be harvested when the leaves of the plants turn yellowish. Using a scythe or lingkaw, cut the stalks and tie them to small bundles. Arrange the bundles upright to dry for three days or more depending on the weather condition. These bundles are ready for threshing when the seeds shatter easily.

Thursday, September 8, 2011

The Economic Importance and Kinds of Oil Crops

NEXT LESSON

Oil crop production in the Philippines is a very promising agricultural enterprise. Aside from providing humans and animals with nutritious food, oil crops provide a variety of uses for industrial, medicinal, cosmetic, forage, and fertilizer preparation.
The following types of oil can be extracted from different oil crops.
1. Volatile oil. This type of oil can be used for perfume preparation and the manufacture of cosmetics, facial creams, shampoos, soaps, and lubricants.
2. Organic oil. This type of oil extracted from plants can be utilized in preparing insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, and other chemicals used controlling insect pest and diseases.
3. Essential  and pure oil. This resembles that of gasoline and diesel and can be used for fuel purposes.
4. Lubricating oil. This type of oil extracted from plants is used as lubricant for machines, engines, and other equipment of the same kind.
5. Edible oil. This type of oil is very useful for household and culinary purposes. Some of the finished
products from this type of oil are cooking oil, cheese, and butter.
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