Showing posts with label Cultural. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cultural. Show all posts

Sunday, August 12, 2012

Cultural Practices in Commercial Crop Production

Land preparation. Commercial crops such as pineapple, watermelon, cabbage, okra, tomato, cassava, sweet potato, mungo, sugarcane, and tobacco can be planted by the drill or hill method along the furrows after thorough tillage preparation. The drill method can also be done in mango, banana, and papaya but in most cases they are planted in previously prepared holes.

Planting materials, planting, and transplanting. Crop propagated sexually such as tomato, cabbage, and tobacco are planted first in seedbeds before they are transplanted. Watermelon, okra, mushroom, mungo, and peanuts are planted directly planted in the field. Grafted or budded mango seedlings are preferred as planting material over sexually propagated ones. Sweet potato, cassava, and sugar cane are planted using stem cuttings. The middle portion of the stem is best for cassava cuttings while the topmost portion of the stem is best for sweet potato and sugarcane cuttings.
Planting materials such as seeds, stem, cuttings, suckers, and tubers are best acquired from reliable seed dealers like the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) and other BPI-accredited distributor.

Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Cultural Practices in Growing Spice Crops


Garlic and Union- have almost the same cultural components practices.
Land preparation, there are two methods of land preparation being practiced in onion and garlic production.
1.       Thorough tillage or clean culture. This is done by plowing the field two to three times with more or less seven days interval.
2.       Without tillage or zero tillage. This method of land preparation is generally done in lowland rice fields such as in Ilocos region. The rice straws are cut close to the ground after harvesting.
Preparation of Planting Materials, planting and transplanting. When planting garlic, select good-sized and well filled healthy garlic. Separate the cloves discarding the small ones in the center because these will produce small plants, hence small bulbs. Heavier cloves give better yield in terms of bulb size and weight irrespective of the size of the original bulb. Five hundred to seven hundred kilograms of cloves are needed to plant one hectare at wider spacing (14 to 25 cm). When closer spacing (5 to 8cm) is desired, 900 to 1100 kilograms of cloves are needed per hectare.
Planting should be done at the start of dry season. This is during the months of October to January in Type 1 climate; November to December to Type II climate; February to July in Type III climate; and February to April in Type IV climate.
The Ilocos method of planting is done with the aid of a pointed stick. The cloves are planted 1 to 2 cm deep vertically into the soil with the root plate down.
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