Showing posts with label IFS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label IFS. Show all posts

Friday, July 13, 2012

Philippine Climate and Planting Calendar

The Philippine has four distinct types of climate;

Type 1. This is characterized by having two pronounced seasons, dry from the month of November to April and wet during the rest of the year. It covers all provinces in the western part of Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, and Palawan.
Type II. This type of climate is characterized by having no dry season and a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. The areas covered by this climate are the eastern part of Bicol, Quezon, Leyte, and a large portion of eastern  Mindanao.

Type III. In this type of climate, the seasons are not very pronounced. it is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. The areas covered by this type of climate type include the western part of Cagayan Valley, Eastern Mountain Province, Southern Quezon, Bondoc Peninsula, Romblon, Northeast Panay, Eastern Negros, Central and Southern Cebu, Northern Mindanao, and Eastern Palawan.

Monday, March 26, 2012

Marketing Procedures and Techniques in an Integrated Farming System

The following factors can help a farmer harvest, store, and market his or her products properly.
  1. Practice good timing. The time to harvest plant crops and sell animal products varies depending upon its kind and varieties and the purpose it will serve. to get a better price for crops and animals products, the farmer know when supplies are low and demand for specific goods are high.
  2. Protect the plant and animal product from injuries through careful harvesting and post-harvesting techniques. Injuries will greatly reduce their market potential.
  3. Group your products qualitatively. Products must be graded according to size and quality since they can be priced differently. Plant products of the same variety must be grouped accordingly.
  4. Be careful in harvesting and storing farm products that produces sticky soap and juices. Improper handling of this products would greatly affect their marketability.
  5. If possible work up a direct-to-consumer system of marketing farm products. Marketing through a middleman should be avoided. In most cases, middlemen gain more profit than the farmers.
  6. Practice collective selling. This system of disposing farm products could strengthen the farmer's bargaining power for a better price. Collective selling also ensures fast and reliable disposal of the products.

Sunday, March 25, 2012

Some Points to Consider in Managing an Integrated Farm

  1. Careful planning and implementationProper planning prevents poor performance. A good plan will guide the manger, the supervisor, and the workers in implementing a project. Since the result of a project is based on what was planned, the plan should be carefully thought out so that the main goal of the project will be achieved. A project feasibility study should be made first to serve as a basis in preparing a workable plan. In implementing the plan, every step should be studied carefully to minimize errors and waste of time.
  2. Prioritization of the components according to the required level of management. A manager of an integrated farm should always give first priority and the highest level of management to a project component that may be higher risk. In example, the farmer should put more focus in raising chicken rather than in growing mahogany trees.
  3. Careful choice of types and varieties to be raisedTo make the enterprise more profitable, the manager of an integrated farm should be able to choose high quality products with high market potential. Considering that the farm will be using the same time and effort for production, it is wise to raise high quality plants and animals.

Thursday, March 22, 2012

Cropping Patterns and Practices in an Integrated Farming System

  1. Upland rice-based farming system. This farming system suitable in rain or naturally irrigated areas with rice as the major or basal crop integrated with other upland crops. Example: rice+root crops+mongo+native chicken
  2. Lowland rice-based farming system. This farming system is suitable in artificially irrigated areas which utilize rice as a major base crop integrated with other types of crops. Example:  rice+fish+gabi+corn.
  3. Coconut-based farming system.This is a system of farming where coconut serves as the crop integrated with other kinds of crops and animals. Example: coconut+mango+cattle
  4. Orchard-based farming system. This refers to the growing of fruit trees as major crops integrated with other crops and animals raising projects. Example: banana+jackfruit+cacao+poultry 
  5. Forest-based farming system. This is a system of farming where major crops are forest plants integrated with other kinds of crops. Example: mangrove+prawn+carp+ducks

Wednesday, March 21, 2012

IFS: Integrated Farming System

The Philippines has climatic conditions suited for year-round production of crops and other food stuff needed by its population. However, one of the major problems of the country is lack of basic food supply and the skyrocketing of prices of farm products. To maintain affordable prices of basic foods there should be increased farm productivity. farmers should employ technologies of the integrated farming system so that they can maintain their income and at the same time produce farm products needed by the people at affordable prices. The integrated farming system enables farmers to maximize the utilization of their land and its resources.

Basic Features of the Ideal Integrated Farming System

  1. There are simultaneous cultivation of various crops and raising of animals in a given piece of land within a period.
  2. In this system, some minor components are integrated to major components to save labor and use excess nutrients.
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