Showing posts with label commercial crops. Show all posts
Showing posts with label commercial crops. Show all posts

Sunday, August 12, 2012

Cultural Practices in Commercial Crop Production

Land preparation. Commercial crops such as pineapple, watermelon, cabbage, okra, tomato, cassava, sweet potato, mungo, sugarcane, and tobacco can be planted by the drill or hill method along the furrows after thorough tillage preparation. The drill method can also be done in mango, banana, and papaya but in most cases they are planted in previously prepared holes.

Planting materials, planting, and transplanting. Crop propagated sexually such as tomato, cabbage, and tobacco are planted first in seedbeds before they are transplanted. Watermelon, okra, mushroom, mungo, and peanuts are planted directly planted in the field. Grafted or budded mango seedlings are preferred as planting material over sexually propagated ones. Sweet potato, cassava, and sugar cane are planted using stem cuttings. The middle portion of the stem is best for cassava cuttings while the topmost portion of the stem is best for sweet potato and sugarcane cuttings.
Planting materials such as seeds, stem, cuttings, suckers, and tubers are best acquired from reliable seed dealers like the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) and other BPI-accredited distributor.

Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, and Marketing of Commercial Crops


Harvesting and post-harvest practices are the most crucial operations in commercial crop production. High quality products command a good market price which means bigger profit for the farmer for the farmer. In harvesting, the raiser should consider some factors such as the current market price, distance from the farm site to the market, and the length of time crops will be stored prior to marketing.

Post-harvest Handling
The farmer should not only know how to market his crops properly. He should also know how to handle his harvest in order to get the most out of them. Generally, most commercial crops undergo the following post-harvest handling before they are sold;
  1. Cleaning and washing
  2. Drying

Wednesday, August 3, 2011

The Prospects of Growing Commercial Crops Used in Integrated Farming System


Market demand is the most important basis for growers in raising commercial crops. Raising crops without knowing the market demand for commercial production can mean a waste of time and money. In the Philippines there are several kinds and varieties of popularly raised commercial crops. Most of these crops can be raised simultaneously in the same piece of land, hence becoming more beneficial to the farmers.

Kinds of Commercial Crops
1. Fruit Crops- mango, banana, papaya, pineapple, and water melon.
2. Vegetable crops- cabbage, tomatoes, and okra.
3. Root crops- sweet, potato, cassava, and gabi.
4. Legumes- mungo, peanut, and soybean.
5. Field crops- sugar cane and tobacco.
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