Showing posts with label cut flower. Show all posts
Showing posts with label cut flower. Show all posts

Saturday, May 26, 2012

Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, and Marketing

Harvesting of cut flower should be done early in the morning or late in the afternoon to reduce respiration and transpiration. Harvesting at midnoon is possible if there is no direct sunlight or when the weather is cool.
Flowers should be handled carefully after harvest or before they are marketed. For longer storage life and keeping quality, respiration, transpiration, and the rate of cell division of cell division should be reduced in cut flower. This can be done by submersing the stem of the newly cut flower to a solution consisting of hydrazine sulfate, manganese sulfate, sugar solution, or a solution consisting of potassium, aluminum sulfate, sodium hypochlorite, and ferric oxide. Commercially available preparations like Flora life and bloomlife can be used. Cut flower should not be exposed to high levels of ethylene gas since this will cause them to wilt and shorten their marketability.
Flowers should be packed in small volumes. The package should be non-water absorbent, gas-proof, and sufficiently strong to withstand handling, Cellophane or plastic are the most suitable packing materials for cut flower.

Friday, May 25, 2012

Cultural Management Practices in Cut Flower Production

The following cultural management practices are recommended for different cut flower varieties.

Air Orchids
Air orchids are planted and propagated by following these procedures.
Preparation of planting materials. Planting materials for orchids can be prepared in three ways. These are by seeds, by division using bulbs or rhizomes, and by keikies formation.
Seed for planting are collected from mature flowers. They are sun-dried for two to five hours depending upon the intensity of the sun's heat.
Orchids can either be monopodial or sympodial. Monopodial orchids possess only one growing tip and grow only in one direction. Sympodial orchids, on the other hand, have fleshy stems or pseudobulbs that grow from the base of the plants. These pseudobulbs are sometimes used as planting materials.
Preparation of planting medium. Air orchids are usually grown in tree ferns, stumps, and driftwood. The most commonly used trees media are frangipani, glicirida septum, and madre de cacao. These are prepared by securing a tree stump or drift wood with several branches.

Thursday, May 24, 2012

Site, Soil and Medium, Climatic Requirements of Cut Flowers

Site. In selecting a site for cut flower production the following factors should be considered;

  1. Varieties to grow. The choice of the variety to grow is very important factor in site selection. There are varieties which can be grown in a small area even without good soil as long as there is sufficient sunlight. Orchids, for instance, are raised in a different medium and can survive without soil.
  2. Topography of the land. Cut flower whether grown in beds, in pots, or in other medium should be located in a flat land with a gentle slope. This will provide good drainage especially during rainy season.
  3. Accessibility to good roads. The site must be located in a place where there are good transportation facilities so that marketing of flowers and purchasing needed materials will not hamper production. If possible, the plantation must be located near highways.
  4. Far from sources of harmful chemicals. Several flowering plants are very sensitive. They have tissues that can easily be damaged or destroyed.
  5. Wind breaks. Wind breaks like ipil-ipil and madre cacao should be provided around the cut flower plantation to protect the flower from strong winds.
  6. Availability of Sunlight. the area or site to be selected for cut flower production whether in beds or in pots should have sufficient light.

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

The Importance and Prospects of Growing Cut Flowers


The aesthetic value of flowers has caught the minds and hearts of people. Flowers are used to express human sentiments and beatify the environment. Flowers add color to parks, gardens, and forests. lovers also use flowers to express their feelings. In almost all occasions, flowers have become part of the celebration. Weddings, funerals, All saints day, and social functions are livened up with flowers as decor or symbol. In fact the biggest bulk of cut flower is used during all saints day.

The production of cut flowers is one of the four facets of the floricultural industry.

The job market for cut production is varied.

A high demand for cut flowers due to increased social activities initiated the need for commercial flower production. At first, only outdoor gardens and open fields were used for flower production. Later, as the demand for out-of-season flowers increased, producing flowers in the greenhouse and shades became necessary.

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